Case ID: M24-022P

Published: 2024-07-10 10:34:56

Last Updated: 1720607696


Amarsagar Reddy Ramapuram Matavalam

Technology categories

Computing & Information TechnologyEnergy & PowerPhysical Science

Technology keywords

Algorithm Development
Distributed power generation
Energy storage
Power Systems
PS-Energy and Power
Utility power generation

Licensing Contacts

Physical Sciences Team

Functional Power Flow: A Matrix-free Non-iterative Method for Radial Networks with ZIP loads

In the field of power grid analysis, particularly in distribution systems, solving the power flow problem is fundamental for grid planning and operational decision-making. Traditionally, methods rely on iterative techniques and sparse linear solvers to find solutions. However, these approaches can be computationally intensive, require careful initialization, and may encounter convergence issues or inaccuracies, especially as grid complexity increases. The rapid advancement of computational hardware, such as GPUs and TPUs, presents both an opportunity and a challenge. While these devices offer immense parallel processing power, traditional methods often struggle to fully exploit their capabilities due to algorithmic constraints.

Researchers at Arizona State University have developed a non-iterative, matrix-free power flow solver specifically tailored for radial networks with ZIP loads and generators to address these challenges. By overcoming the need for iterative processes and sparse linear solvers, this power flow method aims to unlock the potential of modern computing devices for efficient power grid analysis. This approach not only promises to improve computational efficiency but also enhances stability and reliability in solving the power flow problem, crucial for accurate grid modeling and operational planning. The method efficiently manages the elimination functions by utilizing continuation strategies, which expedites the solution process without sacrificing solution quality or convergence dependability. The technology avoids the drawbacks of iterative approaches, including reliance on first guesses and vulnerability to numerical instabilities, by being matrix-free and non-iterative.

Potential Applications:

  • Grid Operators and Community Energy Initiatives
  • Smart Grid Technologies and IoT Integration Providers
  • Energy Storage System Development
  • Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Infrastructure Providers

Benefits and Advantages:

  • Enhanced Operational Efficiency for Utilities 
  • Accelerated Time-to-Market for Renewable Energy
  • Scalability and Adaptability